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《海洋工程技术指南》
 
   
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《海洋工程技术指南》

本书是学习和借鉴国际先进的海上油气及海洋工程资产运作和项目管理方面的专业技术的权威技术指南。

  • 商品编号:G5268BD8C94A6D
  • 货  号:G5268BD8C94A6D
  • 市场价: ¥560.00
  • 销售价: ¥280.00
  • 节省: ¥280.00
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 为学习和借鉴国际先进的海上油气及海洋工程资产运作和项目管理方面的专业技术,例如可移式海洋钻井装置、浮式生产储油装置、管道、海底系统、海洋工程船等在设计、建造、运行、管理的同时,如何提供担保、资产完整性、安全和风险、海上作业、项目管理、软件等方面的支持性服务。经德国劳氏船级社授权,由中国海洋工程组织编制《海洋工程技术指南》,上海交通大学出版社出版发行。
 《海洋工程技术指南》荟萃GL Noble Denton超过100年的海上和近海产业服务经验,包括移动式海上钻井装置、移动式海上生产装置、固定平台、水下生产系统,升管和出油管线、海上支援船,油轮及船舶和海上管道等专业从项目构思到资产退役的全部资产生命周期的技术支持和资产服务。
 全书共有十个章节:第一章海上重力结构物的施工指南、第二章浮托作业指南、第三章装载指南、第四章海上起吊作业指南、第五章海上运输指南、第六章系泊指南、第七章拖曳作业指南、第八章钢质导管架的运输和安装指南、第九章用于审批海上移动单元安装的地质和海况数据、第十章自升式平台。 精装本,547页,定价560元/册
第1章 海上重力式混凝土结构物的建造与安装指南
Concrete Offshore Gravity Structures Guidelines for Approval of Construction and Installation 1

1  概述
  Summary
2  简介
  Introduction
3  定义
  Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions are Underlined  10
4   审批程序
  The Approval Process
4.1 总则
  General 13
4.2 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
  Gl Noble Denton Approval 14
4.3 审批证书
  Certificate of Approval 14
4.4 指导审批的工作范围
  Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 14
4.5 技术审查
  Technical Studies 16
4.6 检验
  Surveys 17
4.7 审批的限制条件
  Limitation of Approval 17
5   健康、安全和环保
  Health, Safety and Environment
5.1 简介
  Introduction 18
5.2 管辖权
  Jurisdiction 18
5.3 责任
  Responsibilities 19
5.4 风险管理
  Risk Management   19
5.5 资质和培训
  Qualification and Training  20
5.6 安全计划
  Safety Plan 20
5.7 应变与应急规划和程序
  Contingency and Emergency Planning and Procedures  20
5.8 安保与跟踪系统
  Security and Tracking System  21
6  组织、规划和文献汇编
  Organisation, Planning and Documentation
6.1 简介
  Introduction 21
6.2 组织和沟通
  Organisation and Communication 22
6.3 质量保证和行政管理程序
  Quality Assurance and Administrative Procedures 23
6.4 技术程序
  Technical Procedures 23
6.5 技术文件
  Technical Documentation  23
6.6 认证
  Certification  24
7   气象标准
  Weather Criteria
7.1 简介
  Introduction  25
7.2 海洋气象标准
  Metocean Criteria 25
7.3 气象限制性作业
  Weather Restricted Operations  29
7.4 气象/海洋气象预报
  Weather / Metocean Forecast 31
8   重量控制
  Weight Control
8.1 简介
  Introduction  32
8.2 重量控制类别
  Weight Class  32
8.3 储备余量
  Reserves  32
8.4 不可超过的重量
  Not-to-exceed Weight 33
8.5 重量控制审核
  Weight Control Audits  33
8.6 尺寸控制
  Dimensional Control  33
9  结构强度
  Structural Strength
9.1 载荷工况
  Loadcases 34
9.2 钢筋混凝土
  Reinforced Concrete 34
9.3 结构钢
  Structural Steel 35
9.4 压缩空气
  Compressed Air 36
10  运动响应
  Motion Responses
10.1 目的
  Purpose  36
10.2 确定运动响应
  Motion Response Determination 36
10.3 人因限制
  Human Limit 37
11   稳性和干舷
  Stability and Freeboard
11.1 总则
  General  37
11.2 倾斜试验
  Inclining Tests 38
11.3 完整稳性和干舷要求
  Intact Stability and Freeboard Requirements 39
11.4 完整稳性和干舷要求
  Damage Stability and Freeboard Requirements 40
12   压载和压缩空气系统
  Ballasting and Compressed Air Systems
12.1 总则
  General 42
12.2 冗余
  Redundancy 42
12.3 进水孔
  Inlets 43
12.4 配管工程
  Pipework 43
12.5 脐带缆
  Umbilicals 43
12.6 仪器仪表
  Instrumentation 44
12.7 气垫
  Air Cushion 44
13   造船坞
  Building Basin
14   从干船坞中拖离
  Tow-out From Dry-dock
14.1 系泊缆和牵索 
  Mooring and Handling Lines 46
14.2 拖离造船坞的富裕水深
  Underkeel Clearance for Leaving Basin  46
14.3 侧隙
  Side Clearances 46
14.4 造船坞外的富裕水深
  Underkeel Clearance Outside Basin  47
14.5 拖航和海运考虑
  Towage and Marine Considerations  47
15   漂浮施工和舾装 
  Construction and Outfitting Afloat
15.1 简介
  Introduction  47
15.2 结构和稳性限制
  Structural and Stability Limitations 48
15.3 施工展开范围
  Construction Spread 49
16   其他阶段; ——系泊、甲板对接 、起吊和拖航
  Other Phases - Moorings, Deck Mating, Lifting & Towages
16.1 系泊
  Moorings 50
16.2 甲板对接
  Deck Mating 50
16.3 起吊
  Lifting  50
16.4 拖航
  Towages  50
17   安装
  Installation
17.1 总则
  General 51
17.2 现场地点
  Site Location  51
17.3 安装方法
  Installation Method 52
17.4 定位系统
  Positioning Systems 53
17.5 导向桩
  Docking Piles 53
17.6 裙桩贯入度
  Skirt Penetration  53
第 2 章 浮托安装作业指南
Guidelines for Float-over Installations 55
1   概述
  Summary
2   简介
  Introduction
2.1 总则
  General 62
2.2 作业活动的启动和完成
  Start and Completion of Operations  62
2.3 GL NOBLE DENTON公司其他的指南文件
  Other GL Noble Denton Guideline Documents 63
2.4 规范和法律
  Codes and Legislation  63
2.5 下载
  Downloads 63
3   定义和缩写
  Definitions and Abbreviations
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 64
4   审批程序 
  The Approval Process
4.1 总则
  General 68
4.2 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
  GL Noble Denton Approval 68
4.3 审批证书
  Certificate of Approval 68
4.4 指导审批的工作范畴
  Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 69
4.5 审批的局限性
  Limitation of Approval 69
4.6 浮托期间的安全
  Safety During Float-over 70
5   装载和运输
  Loadout and Transportation
6   设计环境条件
  Design Environmental Conditions
6.1 原则
  Principles 71
6.2 作业参照周期
  Operational Reference Period 71
6.3 气象限制性作业
  Weather-restricted Operations 72
6.4 非气象限制性作业
  Weather Unrestricted Operation 73
6.5 “调整”设计极端条件、非限制性作业
 “Adjusted” Design Extremes, Unrestricted Operations 73
6.6 作业可行性
  Operational Feasibility 73
7   重量控制
  Weight Control
8   对装载、运输和浮托作业驳船选择标准的影响因素
  Considerations Influencing Barge Selection Criteria for Loadout and Transportation and the Float-over
9   浮托工程设计
  Float-over Engineering
9.1 总则
  General 76
9.2 驳船载荷状态
  Barge Load Conditions  76
9.3 安装期间的稳性
  Stability During Installation 76
9.4 运动和对接阶段
  Motions and Mating Stages 77
9.5 间隙
  Clearances 78
9.6 驳船系泊和定位概览
  Barge Mooring and Positioning Overview 79
9.7 驳船系泊和紧密距系泊
  Barge Mooring and Stand-off Moorings 79
9.8 系泊缆和锚周围的间隙  
  Clearances Around Mooring Lines and Anchors 79
9.9 在借助牵索进行对接期间的位置保持
  Position Keeping During Mating With Tethers 80
9.10 采用拖船加系泊缆的方式为驳船定位
  Barge Positioning Using a Tug(s) With Mooring Lines 80
9.11 采用动力定位系统为驳船定位 
  Barge Positioning Using a DP System 80
9.12 主结构物——结构因素
Host Structure-structural Considerations 81
9.13 浮式主结构物——附加结构因素
  Floating Host Structure-additional Structural Considerations 81
9.14 浮式主结构物——干舷、稳性和储备浮力
  Floating Host Structure-freeboard, Stability and Reserve Buoyancy 82
10   结构强度
  Structural Strength
10.1 规范
  Codes  83
10.2 绑扎件
  Seafastenings 8
10.3 护舷装置和导引装置
  Fenders and Guides 84
11   泵送和压载
  Pumping and Ballasting
11.1 原则
  Principles  85
11.2 主结构物压载设备
  Host Structure Ballasting Equipment 85
11.3 潮汐限制
  Tidal Limitations 86
11.4 泵送能力
  Pumping Capacity 86
11.5 压载和计量系统
  Ballasting and Gauging Systems 88
12   海事装备
  Marine Equipment
12.1 总则
  General 88
12.2 安装船控制系统
  Installation Vessel Control Systems 89
12.3 腿柱接合装置
  Leg Mating Units 89
13   辅助拖船和支援船舶
  Assist Tugs and Support Vessels
14   浮托安装作业监测设备
   Float-over Installation Monitoring Equipment
14.1 腿柱标志/腿柱接近通道
  Leg Markings/Leg Access 90
14.2 运动/间隙监测
  Motions/Clearance Monitoring  90
14.3 环境监测
  Environmental Monitoring 91
15   海上作业程序
  Marine Operations Procedures
15.1 原则
  Principles 92
15.2 气象预报
  Weather Forecasting 93
15.3 安装手册
  Installation Manual 93
16   管理和组织
  Management and Organisation
第 3 章  装载指南
Guidelines for Loadouts 101
1   概述
  Summary
2   简介
  Introduction
2.1 适用范围
Scope 104
2.2 修订版
Revisions 105
2.3 下载
Downloads 107
3   定义
Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 108
4   审批程序 
The Approval Process
4.1 总则
General 111
4.2 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
GL Noble Denton Approval 111
4.3 审批证书
Certificate of Approval 112
4.4 指导审批的工作范围
Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 112
4.5 审批的局限性
Limitation of Approval 112
4.6 装载期间的安全
Safety During Loadout 113
5   装载分类
Classes of Loadout
6   准备装载的结构物
Structure to be Loaded
6.1 设计
Design 115
6.2 重量控制
Weight Control 116
7   现场和码头
Site and Quay
7.1 现场承载力
Site Capacity 117
7.2 海上因素
Marine Aspects 118
7.3 装载路径
Loadout Path 118
8   驳船
Barge
8.1 船级
Class 119
8.2 稳性
Stability  119
8.3 驳船干舷
Barge Freeboard 120
9   连接梁、滑道和滑靴
Link Beams, Skidways and Skidshoes
10 系泊
   Moorings
11 座底装载
   Grounded Loadouts
12 泵送和压载
   Pumping and Ballasting
13 通过拖车、SPMT或液压滑靴进行装载
  Loadouts by Trailers, SPMTs or Hydraulic Skid-shoes
13.1 结构承载力
  Structural Capacity 125
13.2 载荷均衡与稳
  Load Equalisation & Stability  126
13.3 垂直对齐
  Vertical Alignment 126
13.4 滑靴
  Skidshoes 127
14 推进系统的设计、冗余和备用
   Propulsion System Design, Redundancy and Back-up
15 起吊式装载
   Lifted Loadouts
16 横向装载
   Transverse Loadouts
17 驳船复位与绑扎固定
  Barge Reinstatement and Seafastenings
18 拖船
  Tugs
19 管理和组织
   Management and Organisation
第 4 章 海上起吊作业指南
Guidelines for Marine Lifting Operations 140
1  概述
Summary
2  简介
Introduction
3  定义
Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 148
4  审批程序 
The Approval Process
4.1 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
GL Noble Denton Approval 153
4.2 审批证书
Certificate of Approval 154
4.3 指导审批的工作范围
Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 155
4.4 系泊审批
Approval of Moorings  155
4.5 审批的限制条件
Limitation of Approval 156
5   载荷与安全系数
Load and Safety Factors
5.1 简介
Introduction 157
5.2 重量风险系数
Weight Contingency Factors 159
5.3 起吊载荷
Hook Loads 159
5.4 索具几何布置
Rigging Geometry 160
5.5 起吊点和吊索载荷
Lift Point and Sling Loads 160
5.6 动力放大系数
Dynamic Amplification Factors 161
5.7 不匹配荷载系数(SKL)
Skew Load Factor (SKL)  163
5.8 双吊钩起吊系数
2-hook Lift Factors 163
5.9 侧向起吊点载荷
Lateral Lift Point Load  164
5.10 双支吊索系数
  2-part Sling Factor 164
5.11 索扣效率系数
  Termination Efficiency Factor 165
5.12 弯曲效率系数
  Bending Efficiency Factor 165
5.13 吊索或环状吊索安全系数
  Sling or Grommet Safety Factors 166
5.14 卸扣安全系数
  Shackle Safety Factors 166
5.15 环状吊索 Grommets 166
5.16 影响系数
  Consequence Factors 167
6    起重机和起重船
The Crane and Crane Vessel
6.1  起吊载荷
Hook Load  168
6.2  相关资料
Documentation 169
7   结构计算
Structural Calculations
7.1 载荷工况和结构建模
Load Cases and Structural Modelling 169
7.2 吊物
Structure 169
7.3 起吊点
Lift Points 170
7.4 吊梁或吊架
Spreader Bars or Frames 170
7.5 许用应力
Allowable Stresses 170
8  起吊点设计
Lift Point Design
8.1 简介
Introduction 171
8.2 吊索椭圆变形
Sling Ovalisation 171
8.3 板轧制方向和受力方向
Plate Rolling and Loading Direction 172
8.4 销孔
Pin Holes 172
8.5 铸造轴式耳板和焊接轴式吊耳
Cast Padears and Welded Trunnions 172
8.6 无损检验
Non-destructive Testing 173
8.7 颊板
Cheek Plates 173
9   间隙
Clearances
9.1 简介
Introduction 173
9.2 起吊物体周围的最小间隙
Clearances Around Lifted Object 174
9.3 起重船周围的最小间隙
Clearances Around Crane Vessel 174
9.4 系泊缆和锚周围的最小间隙
Clearances Around Mooring Lines and Anchors  175
10  防撞垫和导引装置
   Bumpers and Guides
10.1 简介
  Introduction 177
10.2 吊物整体位移
  Module Movement 177
10.3 防撞垫和导引装置的布置位置
  Position of Bumpers and Guides 177
10.4 防撞力和导向力
  Bumper and Guide Forces 178
10.5 设计要素
  Design Considerations 179
11   实践作业考虑
   Practical Considerations
12   审批所需信息
  Information Required for Approval
12.1 所需基本信息
  General Information Required  181
12.2 准备起吊的结构物
  The Structure to be Lifted 181
12.3 独立分析
  Independent Analysis 182
12.4 规范和规格书
  Codes and Specifications 182
12.5 制造合格证明
  Evidence of Satisfactory Construction 183
12.6 索具布置
Rigging Arrangements 183
12.7 起重船
  The Crane Vessel 184
12.8 程序和管理
  Procedures and Management 185
12.9 检验
  Surveys 186
第 5 章 海上运输指南
  Guidelines for Marine Transportations 190
1   概述
  Summary
1.1 内容与范围
  Content and Scope 204
1.2 审批程序
  The Approval Process 204
1.3 文献汇编
  Documentation 205
1.4 气象条件、船舶运动与载荷以及绑扎设计
  Meteorological Conditions, Vessel Motions & Loadings, & Seafastening Design 205
1.5 稳性
  Stability 205
1.6 驳船、运输船及拖船选择、拖航设备、配员拖航
  Barge, Transport Vessel & Tug Selection, Towing Equipment, Manned Tows 205
1.7 拖航或航行的计划及实施
  Planning & Conduct of the Towage or Voyage 206
1.8 多拖
  Multiple Towages 206
1.9 特殊考虑
  Special Considerations 206
2   介绍
  Introduction
3   定义与缩写
  Definitions & Abbreviations
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 210
4   审批程序
  The Approval Process
4.1 总则
  General 220
4.2 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
  GL Noble Denton Approval 220
4.4 审批证书
  Certificate of Approval 221
4.5 指导审批的工作范围
  Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 221
4.6 审批的局限性
  Limitation of Approval 223
5   认证和文件
  Certification and Documentation
5.1 总则
  General 224
5.2 文件说明
  Documentation Description 224
5.3 冰级
  Ice Class 227
5.4 运输或拖航手册
  Transportation or Towing Manual 227
5.5 所需文件
  Required Documentation 227
6   设计环境条件
  Design Environmental Conditions
6.1 介绍
  Introduction 230
6.2 作业基准周期
  Operational Reference Period 230
6.3 气象限制性作业
  Weather-restricted Operations 231
6.4 无限制性作业
  Unrestricted Operations 232
6.5“调整后的”设计极值及无限制性作业的计算
  Calculation of “adjusted”Design Extremes, Unrestricted Operations 232
6.6 暴露计算
  Calculation of Exposure 232
6.7 计算航行速度
  Calculation of Voyage Speed 233
6.8 极值计算
  Calculation of Extremes 233
6.9 与超越百分率比较
  Comparison With Percentage Exceedence 234
6.10 源自运输仿真的标准
  Criteria From Transport Simulations 235
6.11 海洋气象数据库偏差
  Metocean Database Bias 235
6.12 设计波高
  Design Wave Height 236
6.13 设计风速
  Design Wind Speed 236
6.14 用于系柱拉力要求的海洋气象数据
  Metocean Data for Bollard Pull Requirements 236
7   运动响应
  Motion Response
7.1 总则
  General 236
7.2 海况
  Seastate 237
7.3 周期
  Periods 237
7.4 航向和航速
  Vessel Heading and Speed 238
7.5 自由液面影响
  The Effects of Free Surfaces 239
7.6 货物浸水影响
  The Effects of Cargo Immersion 239
7.7 运动响应计算机程序
  Motion Response Computer Programs 239
7.8 模型试验的结果
  Results of Model Tests 239
7.9 默认运动准则
  Default Motion Criteria 240
7.10 方向性和航向控制
  Directionality and Heading Control 243
8   载荷
  Loadings
8.1 介绍
  Introduction 245
8.2 载荷工况
  Loadcases 246
8.3 默认运动标准
  Default Motion Criteria 247
8.4 总纵弯曲
  Longitudinal Bending 247
8.5 货物浮力和波浪砰击
  Cargo Buoyancy and Wave Slam 247
9   设计和强度
  Design and Strength
9.1 载荷计算
  Computation of Loads 248
9.2 摩擦力
  Friction 248
9.3 绑扎设计
  Seafastening Design 251
9.4 垫木支架
  Cribbing 252
9.5 货物、格架和绑扎中的应力水平
  Stress Levels In Cargo, Grillage & Seafastenings 253
9.6 管道及其他管状货物的固定
  Securing of Pipe and Other Tubular Goods 254
9.7 焊接和绑扎检验
  Inspection of Welding and Seafastenings 256
9.8 疲劳
  Fatigue 257
9.9 二手钢质绑扎件的使用
  Use of Second Hand Steel Seafastenings 257
10  稳性
  Stability
10.1 完整稳性
  Intact Stability 258
10.2 破损稳性
  Damage Stability 259
10.3 风倾
  Wind Overturning 261
10.4 吃水和纵倾
  Draught and Trim 262
10.5 分舱和水密完整性
  Compartmentation and Watertight Integrity 263
11   运输船的选择
  Transport Vessel Selection
11.1 总则
  General 265
11.2 适用性和起租检验
  Suitability and On-hire Surveys 266
12   拖船的选择和审批
  Towing Vessel Selection and Approval
12.1 总则
  General 266
12.2 系柱拉力要求
  Bollard Pull Requirements 267
12.3 主拖缆、备用拖缆和拖航连接
  Main & Spare Towing Wires & Towing Connections 271
12.4 尾板/船尾栏杆
  Tailgates / Stern Rails 271
12.5 拖缆控制
  Towline Control 271
12.6 工作艇
  Workboat 272
12.7 通讯设备
  Communication Equipment 272
12.8 导航设备
  Navigational Equipment 272
12.9 探照灯
  Searchlight 272
12.10 泵
  Pump 273
12.11 附加设备
  Additional Equipment 273
12.12 燃料及其他消耗品
  Bunkers & Other Consumables 273
12.13 拖船配员
  Tug Manning 273
13    被拖物上的拖航及杂项设备
  Towing & Miscellaneous Equipment on Tow
13.1 拖航设备及布置——总则
  Towing Equipment & Arrangements - General  274
13.2 拖缆和拖航连接的强度
  Strength of Towline & Towline Connections 275
13.3 拖缆长度和强度之间的关系
  Relationship Between Towline Length and Strength 277
13.4 拖缆连接点
  Towline Connection Points 277
13.5 龙须缆
  Bridle Legs 278
13.6 龙须缆顶端连接
  Bridle Apex 278
13.7 卸扣
  Shackles 278
13.8 中间短缆或减震链
  Intermediate Pennant or Surge Chains 279
13.9 合成弹力缆
  Synthetic Springs 280
13.10 龙须缆回收系统
  Bridle Recovery System 280
13.11 应急拖航装置
  Emergency Towing Gear 281
13.12 证书
  Certification 282
13.13 航行号灯和号型
  Navigation Lights & Shapes 282
13.14 登上被拖物的方法
  Access to Tows  282
13.15 锚泊和系泊设备
  Anchoring & Mooring Equipment 283
13.16 破损控制和应急设备 
  Damage Control & Emergency Equipment 283
14    航行计划
  Voyage Planning
14.1  总则
  General 284
14.2  计划
  Planning 284
14.3  航线划定
  Routeing 285
14.4  气象航线划定和气象预报
  Weather Routeing & Forecasting 285
14.5  起航
  Departure 285
14.6  遮蔽港、遮蔽水域及等待水域
  Ports of Shelter, Shelter Areas, Holding Areas 286
14.7  加油
  Bunkering 286
14.8  辅助拖船
  Assisting Tugs 287
14.9  领港
  Pilotage 287
14.10 航海日志
  Log 287
14.11 拖航或航行期间的检验
  Inspections During the Towage or Voyage 287
14.12 减少过度运动和船舶载水
  Reducing Excessive Movement & the Shipping of Water 288
14.13 通告
  Notification 288
14.14 转移
  Diversions 288
14.15 责任
  Responsibility 288
14.16 更换拖船
  Tug Change 289
14.17 危险材料
  Hazardous Materials 289
14.18 压载水
  Ballast Water 289
14.19 深度、高度及操纵性受限
  Restricted Depths, Heights & Manoeuvrability 290
14.20 富裕水深
  Under-keel Clearances 290
14.21 水上高度
  Air Draught 291
14.22 航道宽度和操纵性受限
  Channel Width & Restricted Manoeuvrability 292
15   泵送和测深
  Pumping and Sounding
15.1  总则
  General 292
15.2  泵的用途
  Purpose of Pumps 293
15.3  泵送系统
  Pumping System 293
15.4  泵的类型
  Pump Type 294
15.5  泵容量
  Pump Capacity 294
15.6  水密人孔
  Watertight Manholes 295
15.7  测深塞和量尺
  Sounding Plugs and Tapes 295
15.8  通风口
  Vents 295
16    锚和系泊布置
  Anchors and Mooring Arrangements
16.1  应急锚
  Emergency Anchors 296
16.2  锚的尺寸和种类
  Size and Type of Anchor 296
16.3  锚索长度
  Anchor Cable Length 296
16.4  锚索强度
  Anchor Cable Strength 297
16.5  锚索的固定
  Attachment of Cable 297
16.6  锚的安装和释放
  Anchor Mounting and Release 297
16.7  系泊布置
  Mooring Arrangements 298
17   配员被拖物和运输作业
   Manned Tows and Transportations
17.1  总则
  General 298
17.2  国际规范
  International Regulations 299
17.3  货物上安排随船船员
  Riding Crew Carried on the Cargo 299
17.4  安全和应急设备
  Safety and Emergency Equipment 300
17.5  配员的日常工作
  Manned Routine 301
18 多拖
   Multiple Towages
18.1 定义
  Definitions 301
18.2 总则
  General 302
18.3 双拖
  Double Tows 303
18.4 串拖
  Tandem Tows 303
18.5 平拖
  Parallel Tows 303
18.6 两艘拖船(串列)拖航一个被拖物
  Two Tugs (in Series) Towing One Tow 304
18.7 多艘拖船拖航一个被拖物
  Multiple Tugs to One Tow 304
19  自升式钻井平台运输的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations for the Transport of Jack-ups
19.1 总则
  General 305
19.2 运动响应
  Motion Responses 305
19.3 加载
  Loadings 305
19.4 船体强度
  Hull Strength 305
19.5 应力水平
  Stress Levels 306
19.6 稳性和水密完整性
  Stability and Watertight Integrity 307
19.7 拖船、拖缆和拖航连接
  Tugs, Towlines and Towing Connections 308
19.8 固定腿柱
  Securing of Legs 308
19.9 钻井架、下部结构和悬臂梁
  Drilling Derrick, Substructure and Cantilever 309
19.10 直升机平台
  Helideck 309
19.11 设备和固体可变载荷的固定
  Securing of Equipment and Solid Variable Load 310
19.12 桩靴
  Spud Cans 310
19.13 泵送装置
  Pumping Arrangements 311
19.14 配员
  Manning 311
19.15 机械设备的保护
  Protection of Machinery 311
19.16 锚
  Anchors 312
19.17 安全设备
  Safety Equipment 312
19.18 备用应变位置
  Contingency Stand-by Locations 312
20  船舶拖航的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations for the Towage of Ships
20.1 总体考虑
  General Considerations 313
20.2 拖船选择
  Tug Selection 314
20.3 拖缆和拖航连接
  Towlines and Towing Connections 314
20.4 稳性、吃水和纵倾
  Stability, Draught and Trim 316
20.5 分舱和水密完整性
  Compartmentation and Watertight Integrity 316
20.6 锚
  Anchors 316
20.7 设备和移动物件的固定
  Securing of Equipment and Moveable Items 316
20.8 应急泵送
  Emergency Pumping 317
20.9 携带货物
  Carriage of Cargo 317
21   浮式生产储卸装置拖航的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations For the Towage of FPSOs
21.1 总则和背景
  General and Background 318
21.2 航线和气象条件
  The Route and Weather Conditions 318
21.3 结构问题 
  Structural Issues 319
21.4 拖船选择
  Tug Selection 319
21.5 压载、纵倾和方向稳性
  Ballast, Trim and Directional Stability 320
21.6 拖航设备
  Towing Equipment 320
21.7 自航船或推进器辅助船
   Self-propelled or Thruster-assisted Vessels 321
21.8 配员和认证
  Manning and Certification 321
21.9 应急锚
  Emergency Anchor 322
21.10 系泊装置和富裕水深
  Moorings & Under Keel Clearance 322
22 在覆冰水域拖航船舶及结构物的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations for the Towage of Vessels   and Structures in Ice Covered Waters
22.1 总则
  General 323
22.2 船舶冰级
  Vessel Ice Classification 324
22.3 无独立破冰船护航的拖航作业
  Towage Without Independent Icebreaker Escort 326
22.4 有独立破冰船护航的拖航作业
  Towage Operations With Independent Icebreaker Escort 328
22.5 配员
  Manning 329
22.6 多个被拖物和多艘拖曳拖航
   Multiple Tows and Multi-tug Tows 329
22.7 曳拖航设备
  Towing Equipment 330
22.8 拖船的适用性
  Tug Suitability 334
22.9 货物加载
  Cargo Loadings 335
22.10 适航固定的设计和强度
  Sea-fastening Design and Strength 335
22.11 稳性
  Stability 336
22.12 压载
  Ballasting 337
22.13 航行计划
  Voyage Planning 337
22.14 气象/冰情限制性作业
  Weather / Ice Restricted Operations 339
22.15 破损控制和应急设备
  Damage Control and Emergency Equipment 339
23  在里海进行拖航作业的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations for Caspian Sea Towages
23.1  背景
  Background 340
23.2  里海北部区域内的拖航要求
  Requirements Within Northern Caspian Sea 341
23.3  里海其余区域的拖航要求
  Requirements for Remaining Caspian Sea Areas 343
23.4  里海各区域之间的拖航要求
  Requirements for Towages Betweeen Caspian Sea Areas 343
第 6 章 系泊指南
  Guidelines for Moorings 361
1  概述
  Summary
1.1 范围
  Scope 364
1.2 内容
  Contents 364
2   介绍
  Introduction
3   定义
  Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 366
 4  审批程序
  The Approval Process
4.1 总则
  General 370
4.2 指导审批的工作范围
  Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 370
5   规范和标准
  Codes and Standards
5.1 总则
  General 371
5.2 海上系泊
  Offshore Moorings 371
5.3 近海系泊和码头边系泊
  Inshore Moorings and Quayside Moorings 372
6   所需信息
  Information Required
6.1 总则
  General 373
6.2   作业
  Operation 373
6.3   设计准则
  Design Criteria 374
6.4   地点
  Location 374
6.5   设计环境条件
  Design Environmental Conditions 374
6.6   船舶
  Vessel 375
6.7   系泊系统
  Mooring System 375
7   设计环境条件
  Design Environmental Conditions
7.1   总则
  General 376
7.2   非限制性作业
  Unrestricted Operations 376
7.3   气象限制性作业
  Weather-restricted Operations 377
7.4   使用季节/方向性海洋气象数据
  Use of Seasonal / Directional Metocean Data 379
7.5   风
  Wind 379
7.6   海流
  Current 380
7.7   波浪
  Waves 380
7.8   潮汐
  Tide 380
8   环境载荷和运动
  Environmental Loads and Motions
8.1  总则
  General 381
8.2   风载荷
  Wind Loads 381
8.3   海流载荷
  Current Loads 382
8.4   波浪载荷
  Wave Loads 382
8.5   波浪频率运动
  Wave Frequency Motions 382
8.6   低频运动
  Low Frequency Motions 383
9   系泊分析
  Mooring Analysis
9.1   总则
  General 384
9.2   分析工况
  Analysis Cases 384
9.3   系泊缆长度/张力调节
  Mooring Line Length/Tension Adjustment 385
9.4   分析技术
  Analysis Techniques 386
10   设计和强度
  Design and Strength
10.1   总则
  General 388
10.2   冗余
  Redundancy 388
10.3   系泊布置方式
  Mooring Pattern 388
10.4   系泊缆和连接的强度
  Mooring Line and Connection Strength 389
10.5   锚抓力
  Anchor Capacity 390
11   间隙
  Clearances
11.1   总则
  General 392
11.2   锚的水平间隙
  Horizontal Anchor Clearances 393
11.3   钢索或链的水平间隙
  Horizontal Wire or Chain Clearances 394
11.4   系泊缆垂直间隙
  Line Vertical Clearances 394
11.5   系泊缆与系泊缆之间的间隙
  Line-line Clearances 395
11.6   安装锚
  Installing Anchors 395
12   系泊设备
  Mooring Equipment
12.1   系泊完整性
  Mooring Integrity 396
12.2   认证
  Certification 396
12.3   锚
  Anchors 396
12.4   链
  Chain 397
12.5   钢索
  Wire Rope 397
12.6   纤维索
  Fibre Rope 397
12.7   连接器
  Connectors 397
12.8   浮筒(水面和水下)
  Buoys (surface and Subsurface) 398
12.9   船舶连接点
  Vessel Connection Points 398
12.10   护舷装置
  Fendering 399
13   程序上的考虑
  Procedural Considerations
13.1   总则
  General 400
13.2   锚的验证加载
  Anchor Proof Loading 400
13.3   配员
  Manning 401
13.4   检验、监测和维护
  Inspection, Monitoring and Maintenance 401
14   文献汇编
  Documentation
14.1   获得审批
  Leading to Approval 401
14.2   正式审查
  Office Review 401
14.3   现场
  on Site 402
15 近海系泊和码头边系泊的特殊考虑
Special Considerations for Inshore and Quayside Moorings
15.1   背景
  Background 402
15.2   港口范围内的系泊位置; 15.3   应变布置
  Contingency Arrangements 403
15.4   系泊考虑
  Mooring Considerations 403
15.5   岸上系泊点/系柱/绞车
  Shore Mooring Points / Bollards / Winches 404
15.6   程序
  Procedures 404
15.7   冷闲置
  Cold Stacking 405
15.8   冰加载
  Ice Loading 405
16   永久系泊的特殊考虑
  Special Considerations for Permanent Moorings
16.1   总则
  General 405
第 7 章   拖船认可指南
  Guidelines for the Approval of Towing Vessels 412
1   概述
  Summary
2   介绍
  Introduction
2.1 背景
  Background 413
2.2 拖船可审批清单(TVAS)
  Towing Vessel Approvability Scheme (TVAS) 414
2.3 拖船要求概述
  Summary of Requirements 414
2.4 其他GL NOBLE DENTON公司指南
  Other GL Noble Denton Guidelines 414
2.5 系柱拉力和设备试验
  Bollard Pull and Equipment Tests 414
3   定义
  Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 415
4   拖船类型
  Towing Vessel Categories
4.1 远洋救助拖船(ST)
  Ocean-going Salvage Tug (ST) 417
4.2 非限制性拖船(U)
  Unrestricted Towages (U) 418
4.3 沿岸拖船(C)
  Coastal Towages (C) 419
4.4 限制性拖船(R1)
  Restricted Towages (R1) 419
4.5 温和水域拖船(R2)
  Benign Area Towages (R2)  420
4.6 温和水域限制性拖船(R3)
  Restricted Benign Area Towages (R3) 420
4.7 持续时间有限的拖航和短距离拖航
  Limited Duration and Short Distance Towages 420
5   文献汇编
  Documentation
5.1 总体说明
  General Specification 421
5.2 总体布置图
  General Arrangement Plans 421
5.3 拖航/操锚绞车
  Towing/Anchor-handling Winches 421
5.4 拖航设备
  Towing Equipment 422
5.5 证书
  Certificates 422
5.6 救援设备
  Salvage Equipment 423
6   拖航设备
  Towing Equipment
6.1 远洋救助拖船(ST)
  Ocean-going Salvage Tugs (ST) 423
6.2 非限制性(U)或沿岸(C)拖船
  Unrestricted (U) or Coastal (C) Categories 424
6.3 限制性拖船(RI)
  Restricted Categories (R1) 425
6.4 温和水域拖船(R2)
  Benign Area Categories (R2) 425
6.5 温和水域限制性拖船(R3)
  Restricted Benign Area Categories (R3)  426
6.6 所有列入拖船可审批清单的船舶
  All Entered Vessels 426
7   拖航绞车
  Towing Winch
8   拖缆保护和控制
  Towing Wire Protection and Control
8.1 保护装置
  Protectors 428
8.2 拖航杆、货物保护栏、舷墙、船尾栏杆、尾板和尾滚轮
  Tow Bars, Cargo Protection Rail, Bulwarks, Stern Rail, Tailgate and Stern Roller 429
8.3 可调节止荡索系统
  Adjustable Gogwire System 429
8.4 固定式止荡索系统
  Fixed Gogwire System 429
8.5 拖航吊舱
  Towing Pod 430
9 稳性
  Stability
10 配员和居住舱室
  Manning and Accommodation
11 适航力
  Seakeeping
12 救助拖船(ST)的附加设备
  Additional Equipment for Salvage Tugs (ST)
12.1 起吊设备
  Lifting Equipment 432
12.2 泵
  Pumps 432
12.3 发电机
  Generators 432
12.4 空气压缩机
  Air Compressor 433
12.5 焊接/切割设备
  Welding/Cutting 433
12.6 破损控制
  Damage Control 433
12.7 备用件
  Spare Parts 433
第 8 章 钢质导管架的运输和安装指南
  Guidelines for the Transportation and Installation of Steel Jackets 445
1  概述
  Summary
2  简介
  Introduction
2.1 总则
  General 447
2.2 作业活动的启动和完成
  Start and Completion of Operations 448
2.3 国家规范和法律
  National Codes and Legislation 449
2.4 下载
  Downloads 449
3   定义
  Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 450
4   审批程序 
  The Approval Process
4.1 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
  GL Noble Denton Approval 452
4.2 审批证书
  Certificate of Approval 452
4.3 指导审批的工作范围
  Scope of Work Leading to an Approval 453
4.4 审批的局限性
  Limitation of Approval 455
5   装载
  Loadout
6   运输
  Transportation
6.1 总则
  General 456
6.2 设计环境条件
  Design Environmental Conditions 456
6.3 导管架、驳船和绑扎件中的应力
  Stresses in Jacket, Barge and Seafastening 457
6.4 波浪砰击
  Wave Slam 457
6.5 涡激
  Vortex Shedding 458
6.6 疲劳
  Fatigue 458
6.7 内部绑扎
  Internal Seafastenings 458
6.8 起重船甲板上的运载
  Transport on Deck of Crane Vessel 458
6.9 湿拖导管架
  Wet Towed Jackets  459
7   安装-下水
  Installation - Launching
7.1 分析方法
  Analysis Methods 460
7.2 驳船强度
  Barge Strength 460
7.3 下水期间及之后的船底间隙
  Bottom Clearances During and After Launch 460
7.4 限制性风况和海况
  Limiting Wind and Sea-state 461
7.5 导管架构件和浮箱上的载荷
  Loads on Jacket Members and Buoyancy Tanks 461
7.6 下水期间及之后的稳性
  Stability During and After Launch 461
7.7 模型试验
  Model Tests 462
7.8 绞车、升降和导管架扶正系统
  Winching, Jacking and Jacket Handling Systems  462
7.9 实践因素
  Practical Aspects 462
8   下水后扶正
  Upending After Launch
8.1 海床间隙
  Sea-bed Clearance 464
8.2 压载系统
  Ballasting System 464
8.3 稳性
  Stability  465
8.4 自扶正导管架
  Self-upending Jackets 465
8.5 起重机辅助扶正
  Crane-assisted Upend 465
8.6 导管架舱室分隔
  Jacket Compartmentation 466
9   安装-起吊
  Installation - Lifting
9.1 起吊总则
  Lifting General 466
9.2 水中动态性能
  In-water Dynamic Behaviour  467
9.3 水下断开
  Underwater Disconnection 467
9.4 再次使用起吊设备
  Re-use of Lifting Equipment  467
9.5 自由漂浮起吊导管架
  Free Floating Lifted Jackets 467
10  下水和扶正期间的储备浮力、海床间隙和稳性
  Reserve Buoyancy, Seabed Clearances and Stability During Launch and Upend
10.1 完整和破损状态
  Intact and Damage Conditions 468
10.2 储备浮力
  Reserve Buoyancy 468
10.3 海床间隙
  Seabed Clearance  469
10.4 最低稳性
  Minimum Stability 470
11   导管架定位
  Jacket Positioning
11.1 检验
  Surveys 471
11.2 定位系统
  Positioning Systems 471
11.3 基盘上方的定位
  Positioning Over Template 472
12   浮箱移除
  Buoyancy Tank Removal
12.1 移除进度安排
  Removal Schedule 472
12.2 移除方法
  Removal Method 472
12.3 从导管架上断开
  Disconnection From Jacket 473
12.4 压载和压缩空气系统
  Ballast and Air Systems 473
12.5 起吊移除
  Removal by Lifting  473
12.6 漂浮移除
  Removal by Floating 473
12.7 牵索和控制索以及系固件
  Handling and Control Wires and Attachments 473
13   安装——无桩和部分打桩式稳性
   Installation - Unpiled & Partially Piled Stability
13.1 总则
  General 474
13.2 无桩和部分打桩式稳性
  Unpiled and Partly Piled Stability 474
13.3 桩的搬运
  Pile Handling 476
13.4 桩的结构分析
  Pile Structural Analysis  477
13.5 桩的自行贯入
  Self-penetration of Piles 477
第9章 用于审批海上移动单元所需的海床和地质数据
Seabed and Sub-seabed Data Required for Approvals of Mobile Offshore Units 483
1 概述
  Introduction
2 数据要求
  Data Requirements
2.1 总体要求
  General Requirements 486
2.2 地球物理勘探
  Geophysical Investigations 487
2.3 岩土勘探
  Geotechnical Investigations 489
第 10 章 自升式平台升降操作指南
  Self-Elevating Platforms Guidelines for Elevated Operations 498
1 概述
  Summary
1.1 内容与范围
  Content and Scope 502
1.2 审批程序
  The Approval Process 503
1.3 对提升作业的评估
  Assessment for Elevated Operations 503
1.4 准备提交的数据
  Data to be Submitted  503
2   简介
  Introduction
3   定义
  Definitions
3.1 引用的定义
  Referenced Definitions Are Underlined 505
4   审批程序
  The Approval Process
4.1 总则
  General 507
4.2 GL NOBLE DENTON公司审批
  GL Noble Denton Approval 507
4.3 审批证书
  Certificate of Approval 507
4.4 指导地点审批的工作范围
  Scope of Work Leading to a Location Approval 508
5   作业条件
  Operating Condition
5.1 参考文件和相应的偏差
  Reference Document and Deviations Therefrom 509
5.2 热带旋转风暴区域的环境重现期(修订指南第2.3.2节)
  Environmental Return Period for Tropical Revolving Storm Areas (Revises Guideline Section 2.3.2) 509
5.3 海生物(修订规程第3.9和4.7.2节)
  Marine Growth (Revises Practice Sections 3.9 And 4.7.3) 510
5.4 腿柱倾斜(修订规程第5.4节)
  Leg Inclination (Revises Practice Section 5.4) 510
5.5 船体中垂(修订规程第5.7.1节/注解第5.3.3节)
  Hull Sagging (Revises Practice Section 5.7.1 / Commentary 5.3.3)  511
5.6 环境载荷系数(修订规程第8节)
  Environmental Load Factor (Revises Practice Section 8) 511
5.7 倾覆安全系数(修订规程第8.2节)
  Overturning Safety Factor (Revises Practice Section 8.2) 511
5.8 承载力和滑动阻力(修订规程第8.3节)
  Bearing Capacity and Resistance to Sliding (Revises Practice Section 8.3)  511
5.9 腿柱和支持系统强度(修订规程第8.1和8.5节)
  Leg and Holding System Strength (Revises Practice Section 8.1 and 8.5)  512
6   其他考虑
  Other Considerations
6.1 抗贯穿能力
  Resistance to Punch-through 513
6.2 地震区域
  Earthquake Areas 514
6.3 覆冰区域
  Ice Areas  514
6.4 疲劳
  Fatigue 514
6.5 困难地点预加载作业的良好作业实践建议
  Good Practice Recommendations for Preloading at Difficult Locations 514
6.6 对贯穿复位的良好作业实践建议
  Good Practice Recommendations for Recovering From Punch-through 515
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